You must answer all of the questions given below. Each of your answers should be approximately 3-4 pages in length. Please put your full name, your section
number, and the due date on the first page of your exam. Your exam should be computer-printed in either 12- or 14-point font, with no more than one-inch
margins all around, double-spaced. Make sure to number each answer.
Write your answers as a teacher explaining these ideas to an imaginary class of students who have not heard this material before. You may study with other
students in preparation for this exam. Please be sure, however, that the answers you turn in are substantially your own, and not simply copies or paraphrases
of someone else?s words. If you do work with anyone else, you must list their names on your exam.
1. Explain each step in the argument that purports to show how advertising undermines autonomy (see Moodle handout & class notes). Please pay particular
attention to premise 7. Which philosophies of justice would accept this premise, and which would reject it? Why? Now answer either one (but not both) of the
following two questions: (a) Do you accept premise 7 as a claim about what justice requires? Why or why not?
(b) Aside from premise 7, what do you find is the most questionable premise in the argument? Explain. Ultimately, do you accept or reject this questionable
2. Explain Marx?s idea of alienation in a capitalist system. What does Marx think is the solution to this problem? Do you agree? Do you think justice
requires getting rid of alienation as Marx defines it? Why or why not?
3. Assuming that there should be some sort of American regulation to improve overseas work conditions in factories we do business with, what specific kinds
of rules does justice require to this end? Specifically, what kinds of rules should American companies be required to follow in contracting with overseas
firms? Explain. What is your own philosophy of justice, and why do you think it is the correct one? Does your own philosophy of justice support the rules you
have discussed? Why or why not?
Here is the notes of question one.
1. Autonomy literally means, being self-governed or self-legislating.
2. An autonomous life requires governance of conduct through critical-reflective review of your own values, desires, emotions, choices
3. A lot of mass-media advertising bypasses the critical-reflective process altogether, through the strategy of manipulating symbols and the attendant
emotions and desires.
4. Therefore a lot of mass-media advertising undermines our ability to engage in critical-reflective review.
5. Therefore a lot of mass-media advertising undermines autonomy.
6. But autonomy is an important value in human life.
7. Any practice that threatens an important value in human life should be regulated or prohibited. [A thesis about justice!]
8. Therefore mass-media advertising should be regulated and some of it should be banned.
and here is some notes:
1. CAPITALISM=df a free-market system in which people are divided into two classes: workers or proletariat (who make products), and owners or capitalists
(who own the products workers have made).
2. LABOR THEORY OF VALUE (originally proposed by Adam Smith and David Ricardo, early thinkers who developed the philosophy of the free market)
A. The market value of a product is created by the labor that is put into it.
B. The market price of a product is typically far greater than the market price (wage) of the labor that produces it. The difference is what Marx calls ?
surplus value?. (This is especially true when there is a surplus of labor?i.e., more workers than there are jobs for them to fill.)
3. In a capitalist system, surplus value is expropriated [stolen with the support of the law] by the capitalists.
A. In a capitalist system, the surplus value belongs to the capitalist, not the workers.
B. This taking of surplus value from the workers is supported by the power of the law
(i) The law of contracts requires workers to abide by the terms of the contract they have agreed to.
(ii) This means that if workers refuse to allow this taking of surplus value, the government will force them to abide by their agreement.
C. But the contracts supporting this taking of surplus value are unfair.
(i) These contracts are made between parties who have very unequal bargaining power.
(ii) Therefore these contracts are unfair, and not morally binding.
?Therefore the taking of surplus value (and the laws of contract that support it) constitutes theft, and it is unjust.
and also, i have to write about for example shipping , container. foxconn company, or apple. substitute farmers, Nike for make shoes.
free competition.
Question 2, the car that made by hand as example Mar’s side work in general motor, never buy a car on Friday because it is in weekend, and it is not the
product of the workers. There are two rules , the first one is Market socialism, who own the car,
The reality in free market mass production system Facebook as production.
Philosophy of justice is general approach economy, the rules that government should control is distribute as of economics.
Hypnotic idea about experience
Commodity fetishism, mass production.
the experience i have in life when work not my own. no longer identify in any works.
Please make sure to write it step by step and follow the question and the notes and please number the thing you write when you explain it. and when you write
the rules write the specific rules that i gave it to you to control work place condition. and use my example

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