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Social Impact of Technology
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Question 1 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the textbook, __________ of the world’s population resides in developing countries.
A. 40%

B. 60%

C. 70%

D. 80%
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Question 2 of 20
5.0 Points
The term __________ was supposed to represent communist countries of Eastern Europe, but the term never caught on.
A. First World

B. Second World

C. Fourth World

D. Soviet Bloc
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Question 3 of 20
5.0 Points
In 1952, who coined the phrase “Third World”?
A. Albert Einstein

B. Alfred Sauvey

C. Richard Nixon

D. John Kennedy
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Question 4 of 20
5.0 Points
Which of the following was NOT a demand of the “Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States,” passed by the U.N. General Assembly in 1974?
A. Transnational corporations must be regulated

B. Economic aid from rich to poor countries should be increased

C. Technology should be transferred from rich to poor

D. Natural resources must remain in developing countries
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Question 5 of 20
5.0 Points
The term LLCD represents __________ countries.
A. first world

B. second world

C. least developed

D. technologically advanced
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Question 6 of 20
5.0 Points
To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, and reduce child mortality are among the self-stated goals of the:
A. WTO.

B. MDG.

C. UNDP.

D. World Bank.
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Question 7 of 20
5.0 Points
In the article “Income Gap Widens,” Hal Kane suggests that uneven income distribution influences all of the following EXCEPT:
A. migration.

B. crime rates.

C. the growth of cities.

D. birth rates.
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Question 8 of 20
5.0 Points
The single largest environmental concern in Bangladesh is:
A. clean drinking water.

B. clean air.

C. lack of good soil for crop production.

D. acid rain from nearby countries.
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Question 9 of 20
5.0 Points
According to your textbook, scientists are discovering that __________ is(are) currently a significant environmental problem especially in the coutries of Bangladesh, India, China, and other Asian countries.
A. laser technologies

B. cyclones

C. underground earthquakes

D. arsenic poisioning
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Question 10 of 20
5.0 Points
According to your textbook, the reason that China has produced more grain every year than the United States has produced (since 1986) is:
A. China has more people who can grow grain.

B. China wants to be able to feed more people than the U.S. does.

C. China has more irrigated land available for grain production than the U.S. does.

D. the U.S. is more concerned about technology than about growing grain.
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Question 11 of 20
5.0 Points
__________ is one of the few major indicators for which the ratio of production between the U.S. and China reflects the ratio of population size.
A. Bicycle production

B. Meat consumption

C. Automobile production

D. Fertilizer use
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Question 12 of 20
5.0 Points
In Pakistan, recycling has been implemented for __________ reasons.
A. environmental

B. health

C. economic

D. aesthetic
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Question 13 of 20
5.0 Points
Approximately __________ of Pakistan’s demand for glass is met through recycling locally generated glass waste.
A. 30%

B. 50%

C. 80%

D. 90%
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Question 14 of 20
5.0 Points
In Pakistan about __________ of reusable waste is recycled.
A. 40-50%

B. 50-60%

C. 60-70%

D. 70-80%
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Question 15 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the textbook, in 2004 in Equador the Internet was accessible to __________ of every 100 people.
A. 4

B. 10

C. 25

D. 40
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Question 16 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the UNDP statistics (2004) the per capita income of Ecuador was about __________ per year.
A. $2,500

B. $3,500

C. $4,500

D. $5,500
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Question 17 of 20
5.0 Points
All of the following are true about distance learning EXCEPT:
A. can help narrow the techno-economic gap between the developed and developing nations.

B. is affordable only in First World countries that have highly advanced technologies.

C. overcomes geographic barriers to allow face-to-face communication between students and teachers.

D. offers a unique approach to promote literacy and enhance higher education in a cost effective way.
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Question 18 of 20
5.0 Points
On April 6, 1994 the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi died in a plane crash. Both were members of the __________ ethnic group.
A. Masai

B. Tutsi

C. Hutu

D. Mumbasa
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Question 19 of 20
5.0 Points
All of the following factors led to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda EXCEPT:
A. population growth.

B. deforestation.

C. hunger.

D. natural gas.
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Question 20 of 20
5.0 Points
Rwanda has been heavily dependent on __________ for energy needs.
A. biomass

B. coal

C. natural gas

D. petroleum
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478

Question 1 of 20
5.0 Points
The study of ecology focuses specifically on:
A. the world that is all around us.

B. the world of living things in our planet.

C. the mutual relationship between organisms and the natural world.

D. anything having to do with life.
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Question 2 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the text, by 2050, it is believed that __________ of the earth’s species will become extinct if rain forest destruction continues.
A. 6%

B. 14%

C. 25%

D. 50%
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Question 3 of 20
5.0 Points
Wetlands are important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
A. they provide local habitats for many species of animals and plants.

B. one-third of endangered or threatened species in the U.S. live in or are dependent on them.

C. they harbor the majority of the world’s flowering species.

D. they provide purification of local water supplies.
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Question 4 of 20
5.0 Points
The percentage of China’s rivers that were severely polluted in 2000 was __________; in 2002 it was __________.
A. 12%; 20%

B. 22%; 51%

C. 32%; 65%

D. 42%; 71%
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Question 5 of 20
5.0 Points
The United States is responsible for __________ of the world’s total energy consumption.
A. 15%

B. 25%

C. 35%

D. 45%
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Question 6 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the article “The Grim Payback of Greed” our level of consumerism:
A. is essentially a creation of the 20th century.

B. has declined in the West but is growing rapidly in developing countries.

C. is highly correlated with reported levels of happiness.

D. is tied to our vast wealth, and to forces in the modern world that encourage people to act on their consumption desires.
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Question 7 of 20
5.0 Points
Indirectly, the “meat-eating quarter of humanity” consumes nearly __________ of the world’s grain.
A. 15%

B. 20%

C. 40%

D. 50%
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Question 8 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the National Academy of Sciences, the Earth’s surface temperature has risen about __________ in the past century.
A. 1%

B. 5%

C. 10%

D. 12%
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Question 9 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the textbook, an individual’s most important decision that will effect the climate is:
A. the choice to unplug an extra freezer that is rarely used.

B. looking for the Energy Star on new appliances.

C. selecting a fuel efficient automobile.

D. planting a tree.
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Question 10 of 20
5.0 Points
Which of the following was NOT a founding principle of the Kyoto Protocol?
A. Scientific uncertainty must not be used to avoid precautionary action.

B. Nations must have common but differentiated responsibilities.

C. All nations must be included in the contract for it to work.

D. Industrial nations must take the lead in addressing the problem.
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Question 11 of 20
5.0 Points
The article “Young at Risk” proposes that the young of humans and animals are more vulnerable to chemical pollutant exposure due to all of the following reasons EXCEPT that:
A. their brains are less sensitive than those of mature humans and animals.

B. the young eat and breathe more for their body weights than adults, so they get bigger proportional doses of external pollutants.

C. accumulated dioxin slows action to the immune system.

D. they will be getting about 50 times the exposure of an adult during critical developmental stages.
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Question 12 of 20
5.0 Points
The central problem in the international fishing industry is:
A. “poaching” by foreign vessels in the territorial waters of small nations.

B. laws restricting fishing in waters with the most abundant fish populations.

C. the decline in fish populations due to over-fishing, pollution, and habitat destruction.

D. a lack of enforcement of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act.
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Question 13 of 20
5.0 Points
The reauthorization of the Magnuson Act in 1996 focused on all of the following EXCEPT:
A. overfishing.

B. funding.

C. air quality.

D. habitat degradation.
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Question 14 of 20
5.0 Points
According to the text, problems associated with the Endangered Species Act include all of the following EXCEPT:
A. its use as a “last-chance” approach to saving endangered species.

B. the creation of conflict between individual property owners and government regulations concerning species.

C. a lack of public support for the Act.

D. ill-defined categories concerning the level of threat posed by human activities to individual species.
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Question 15 of 20
5.0 Points
Aside from lead, the two air pollutants most hazardous to human health are:
A. sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide.

B. ozone and sulfur dioxide.

C. ozone and fine airborne particulates.

D. nitrous oxides and carbon monoxide.
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Question 16 of 20
5.0 Points
Which of the following is an ingredient of acid rain?
A. Lead

B. Nitrogen dioxide

C. VOCs

D. Ozone
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Question 17 of 20
5.0 Points
The process of searching for new natural medicines is called:
A. drug testing.

B. bioprospecting.

C. FDA approval seeking.

D. curative compounding.
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Question 18 of 20
5.0 Points
The economic value of the rain forest is based upon all of the following EXCEPT:
A. plants that potentially contain the basis for new medicines.

B. its value as a source of raw materials.

C. its value as a food source.

D. its value as a fossil fuel source.
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Question 19 of 20
5.0 Points
In considering the origins of the top 150 drugs in the United States, __________ origins account for the greates percentage of drugs.
A. synthetic

B. animal

C. plant

D. marine
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Question 20 of 20
5.0 Points
The central problems mentioned in the case study concerning the Love Canal include all of the following EXCEPT that:
A. developers and the school board knew about the chemical dump, but proceeded anyway.

B. individual citizens are powerless to make a difference in situations concerning waste dumping.

C. there are chemical dumps around the U.S. and the world which are annually increasing. Improved safe dumping and developing/ building standards need to be carefully created and monitored for safety of citizenry.

D. there are many heavily concentrated chemical dumps close to the Niagara River and such leaching and damage to the environment similar to Love Canal could easily again happen.

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